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"JOURNAL OF SPORT AND KINETIC MOVEMENT"

 

 

pISSN:2286 –3524 ;eISSN-2286 –3524

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EDITORIAL STAFF

Germina Cosma –Editor –in –Chief                          

Ligia Rusu – Scientific Editor

Dorina Orţănescu - Scientific Editor

Costin Nanu –Managing Editor

 

EDITORIAL BOARD

 

Cătălin Forţan, University of Craiova

Mihaela Păunescu, University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest

Nilufer Cetisli Korkmaz, Pamukkale University, Denzli

Aurora Ungureanu, University of Craiova

Ilona Ilinca, University of Craiova

Luminiţa Marinescu, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova

Mihaela Zavaleanu, University of Craiova

Mirela Shaoo, University of Craiova

Mirela Călina, University of Craiova

Bogdan Raţă, University of Bacău

Roberta Gheţu, University of Craiova

Răzvan Mihai Barbu, University of Craiova

Mihai Dragomir, University of Craiova

 

SCIENTIFIC BOARD

 

Cavlak Ugur -Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

Malgorzata Sobera -University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland

Toganidis Theodoros–Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

Dragomir Marian –University of Craiova, Romania

Irina Juhas  -  University of Belgrade, Serbia

Grigore Vasilica -University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, Romania

Mehmet UYGUR – University of Delaware, USA

Liliana Mihăilescu–University of Pitesti, Romania

Gloria Raţă -"Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacău, Romania

Tatiana Dobrescu -"Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacău, Romania

Mariana Cordun -University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, Romania

Bas Aslan Ummuhan –Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

Mihaela Oraviţan –West University of Timisoara, Romania

Stevo Popovic- University of Montenegro, Montenegro

Eugenia Roşulescu -University of Craiova, Romania

Mihnea Marin - University of Craiova, Romania

Virgil Tudor -University of Physical Education and Sport, Bucharest, Romania

Ahsana Hallaçeli-Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

Arzu Razak Ozdincler-Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

Taina Avramescu-University of Craiova, Romania

Hakan Uysal-Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

Selçuk Akpinar - Nevşehir University, Turkey

Andrei Dumitru - University of Pitesti, Romania

Ilker Yılmaz-Pamukkale University, Denzli, Turkey

Răzvan Hainăroșie – University Of Medicine and Pharmacy Carol Davila, Bucharest, Romania

    

ISSN 2286 – 3524                                                                                                 

ISSN-L 2286 – 3524 

   

Publisher: Universitaria

156 Brestei Street, 200177, Craiova, Romania

 Editorial office address:

University of Craiova, Physical Education and Sports Faculty

156 Brestei Street, 200177, Craiova, Romania

 

THE AUTHORS ASSUME THE ENTIRE CONTENT OF THE PAPERS.

   

CONTENTS

  

THE INFLUENCE OF THE AQUATIC EXERCISES PROGRAM ON THE POSTURAL BALANCE AND GAIT IN PEOPLE WITH PARKINSON’S DISEASE

Ilinca Ilona, Cosma Germina, Rosulescu Eugenia. 5

 

NERVOUS INTEGRATION OF VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT

Dănoiu Mircea, Manuela Băcănoiu, Zăvăleanu Mihaela. 11

 

AEROBIC DANCE AND AEROBIC STEP IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Petreanu Manuela, Petreanu Adrian Gheorghe. 16

 

MONOGRAPH ASPECTS OF THE SINGLE GAME IN TENNIS

Teuşdea Claudiu Cristian. 22

 

ELECTROMYOGRAPHY PATTERNS CHANGES AT DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF PROFESSIONAL SPORTSMEN

Denisa Enescu Bieru, Marian Costin Nanu, Luminița Brăbiescu Călinescu, Anamaria Kese, Oana Neamțu, Marius Cristian Neamțu  28

 

CORRECTION OF CLASSIC DANCE MOVEMENTS BASE OF TECHNICAL BODY IN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS

Iorga Anca. 33

 

RECOVERY OF LUMBOSACRAL PAINS AFTER LUMBAR DISC HERNIATION SURGERY

Anca Jianu. 37

 

Analyzing the performance of the national team members in the sport of orienteering

Veronica Minoiu, George Emilian Minoiu. 41

 

STUDY ON IMPLEMENTING A MODERN AND DYNAMIC SELF DEFENSE AND SELF CONTROL SYSTEM FOR STUDENTS

Negoescu Mihai Cristian. 46

 

RECOVERY OF THE TRAUMAS OF THE KNEE WITH THE HELP OF KINESIOTHERAPY - PHYSICAL EXERCISES

Olteanu Nelu, Negoescu Mihai Cristian. 52

 

 

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SOMATIC AND MOTOR CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BEST ATHLETES AT ONE MILE DISCIPLINE OUTDOOR ALL TIME

Ivan Paula, Gheorghe Daniel 56

 

MOTRICITY AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN PERSONALITY FORMATION

Popescu Florentina, Porfireanu Maria-Cristiana. 61

 

THE INFLUENCE OF THE SPECIFIC MEANS OF HANDBALL ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF MOTOR QUALITIES AT HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Marius Catalin Popescu, Gabriel Marian Popa. 66

 

STUDY ABOUT GROWTH OF ATRACTIVITIES PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES BY USING MEANS OF GIMNASTIC IN GYMNASIUM

Popovici Adrian. 72

 

PRIORITARY ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF RESISTANCE TO SPECIFIC EFFECTS OF THE FOOTBALL GAME AT JUNIOR B

Stoica Doru, Barbu Dumitru. 78

 

ORGANIZING THE WOMEN'S FOOTBALL TEAM ACCORDING TO THE INTER-INDIVIDUAL PREFERENCES OF ITS MEMBERS

Ungureanu - Dobre Aurora. 82

 

POSSIBILITIES TO IMPROVE PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE AND HEALTH THROUGH DIET

Zăvăleanu Mihaela, Dănoiu Mircea, Roşulescu Eugenia, Ilinca Ilona, Zăvăleanu Ştefan, 89

 

DETERMINING THE AWARENESS OF CHILDREN ABOUT THEIR POSTURAL DEFICIENCIES. A PILOT STUDY

Eva Ilie, Ligia Rusu, Dorina Ortanescu. 94


  

THE INFLUENCE OF THE AQUATIC EXERCISES PROGRAM ON THE POSTURAL BALANCE AND GAIT IN PEOPLE WITH PARKINSON’S DISEASE

Ilinca Ilona, Cosma Germina, Rosulescu Eugenia,

1University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Craiova

2Neuromotor Adults Rehabilitation Center St. Maria, Craiova

Corresponding author: Germina Cosma,University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Craiova, Romania,  E-mail:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Introduction. Parkinson’s disease is a debilitating disease that leads to loss of balance and postural control because of neuronal deterioration.  Aquatic therapy is a more recent form of therapy for PD patients and has been shown to benefit postural stability. The aim of the study is to assess the effects of aquatic exercise program on postural balance and gait in people with Parkinson’s disease.

Methods: 7 PD patients were included, aged between 50 and 70, who in II and III stages of the disease. The subjects underwent 40 sessions of aquatic therapy during 4 months, lasting 60 minutes, in a heated therapy pool. The participants were evaluated in the start and end of the interventions phase using the Berg Balance Scale (PBS), Time Up and Go (TUG), Tandem stance, and 10m walk and 3600 turn.

Results: the results of this study showed an important improvement in static and dynamic balance and gait outcomes in comparison with the baseline results.

Conclusion: Balance training in the aquatic environment promoted improvement on balance and gait of patients with Parkinson´s disease.

Key words:aquatic therapy, Parkinson’s disease, postural balance

 

 

NERVOUS INTEGRATION OF VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT

 

Dănoiu Mircea, Manuela Băcănoiu, Zăvăleanu Mihaela

 

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Craiova, Romania

County Emergency Hospital Craiova, Romania

Correspondence author address: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Abstract

Designed as a true cyber scheme, execution of volitional movements is a synergistic combination of different sensory and motor factors which is reflected in muscle contractions, adequate control over the intensity, hierarchy, chronology and spatial location of body or different parts of the body.

All body biomechanical activities results from a double command which simultaneously produces the contraction of two muscle groups with antagonistic action. Those are the flexors and extensors. The first group contract and produce the desired movement, the second group provides relaxation and modulates movement. The movement would lose precision and safety, also can occur excessive contractions without this synchronization between the muscles agonists and antagonists.

Voluntary movement involves a complex process of coordinated steps required not only for initiation, but also for the cessation of muscle contraction, and the intimate nature of the processes in which volitional consciousness is capable of expressing itself in terms of movement remains incomprehensible.

In the rehabilitation and sport, the accuracy of the voluntary movements is crucial. The learning and repetition for learning of one motion require a complex image of the temporal and spatial succession and nervous integrationof the elementary movements that must be executed in a special order to achieve the desired action. Those succesion are the base of rehabilitation and sport and must be well understude in order to achive the ideal voluntary movement.

Key words: muscle contraction, nervous integration, voluntary movements

  

 

AEROBIC DANCE AND AEROBIC STEP IN HIGHER EDUCATION

 

Petreanu Manuela, Petreanu Adrian Gheorghe

Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie “Carol Davila” din București, Bd. Eroii Sanitari nr. 8

 

Abstract

As a last link of the schooling system, higher education offers the optimal environment that is able to intervene and actively influence the process of developing, preserving and revitalizing the biological potential of the vocation for movement among this category of young people in an organized way . Competitional aerobic gymnastics, as a means of physical education with a more recent appearance, encompasses a wide range of means, taken from basic gymnastics, acrobatic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, other sports disciplines, classical and modern dance performed and adapted on a musical background, trains rhythms, amplitudes and different positions with manifestations in group or individual. The wide popularity which enjoys derives from the accessibility of the means used, especially by introducing into the international competition system two more categories, namely aerobic dance and aerobic step. Particularities of age, the technical requirements and the content of the competition exercises to these two categories are arguments for them to be used in aerobic gymnastics lessons in higher education as well as in university competitions. As a result, in higher education, aerobic and aerobic step category are accessible and efficiente forms of optimization of lessons with students, a means with multiple valences on the body and also for the development of specific university competitions at local and national level.

Key words: students, aerobic gymnastics, competition

  

MONOGRAPH ASPECTS OF THE SINGLE GAME IN TENNIS

Teuşdea Claudiu Cristian

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Spiru Haret Spiru Haret University, Romania, Bucharest Berceni Road No.24

Abstract

In tennis the 5 samples, single game is the most popular and accessible for all ages. In the past, the single game was characterized by a small number of technical procedures, volume, intensity, complexity, small or medium effort, high velocity of the ball, rapid execution only in certain phases of point dispute and playing time. Single game play has evolved considerably in recent years due to the complete change in materials, equipment, gaming surfaces, technical skills, tactics, learning methodology, and the improvement of specific techniques.

Keywords: single game, technique, tactics, methodology, children.

 


ELECTROMYOGRAPHY PATTERNS CHANGES AT DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF PROFESSIONAL SPORTSMEN

Denisa Enescu Bieru, Marian Costin Nanu, Luminița Brăbiescu Călinescu, Anamaria Kese, Oana Neamțu, Marius Cristian Neamțu

 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Craiova, Romania

 Department of Pathologic Physiology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova, Romania

 

Abstract

Object of our paper was to study the electromyography activity at different categories of professional sportsmen (handball players and volleyball players),tocompare the obtained results and to emphasizedspecific electromyography patterns to each studied sports.

Group of study was formed of 24 male professional sportsmen, 11 handball players and 13 volleyball sportsmen, with at least 6 years experience, in either one of the practiced sports, homogeneous regarding ages, heights and weights.

Were recorded EMG to allathletes, together withmechanogram,during maximum isometric contractions of fingers flexors from both hands. Weused silver surface electrodes and the EMG BIOPAC MP 150 two channels device, with two active electrodes for each channel, the reference onebeing placed on forearm distal extremity, which was connected to a PC Pentium IV, whose program processed the data offered by BIOPAC system.

To improve the interpretation of the obtained parameters, they were divided in 4 categories: of frequency, of mechanogram, of time and mixed and for each one of the parameters, were calculated other characteristic indexes. For most of the mechanogram parameters, handball players presented the highest values and the frequency parameters had superior values for volleyball players.

So, the obtained EMG patterns were different, specific to the type of physical effort, that characterized each studied sports and proved to be an important contributor to sportive performances increasing, by helping the trainers to set adequate professional training programs for each athlete.

Keywords: electromyography patterns, professional sportsmen, training programs, physical effort.

  

CORRECTION OF CLASSIC DANCE MOVEMENTS BASE OF TECHNICAL BODY IN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS

 

Iorga Anca

Spiru Haret University Bucharest, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport

 

Abstract

The in-depth knowledge of the mechanisms of execution of the movements is scientifically determinant in achieving sporting performance. In the training of gymnasts a special place is the choreographic training, which is mostly done through classical dance studies.

Objectives of the study: The following objectives were assign: to improve the teaching system of body techniques in rhythmic gymnastics, to allow the extension of the technical training volume and to stop the early capping of gymnasts and to observe the possible biological influences of the dance studies classic gymnasts.

Materioal and methods: The present paper aims at creating a methodical line, grouping the basic elements of body technique from a methodological point of view, evolutionary by age groups.

Discussions and conclusions: Choreographic training of gymnasts can influence the compositional value of competitive exercises both at the artistic value level and at the level of the technical value. Classical dance through its progressive work forms and strengthens the deep muscles of the body, supporting the skeleton and the joints. By supporting the muscles of the support, the ligaments are also supported in their effort to resist the forces of gravity, compensatory movements can be avoided, as are the deformations of the different body segments.

The correctness with which movements from the classical dance technique are made is the basis of a correct body technique in the world of rhythmic gymnastics.

Keywords:classical dance technique, body technique, choreographic training

 

 

RECOVERY OF LUMBOSACRAL PAINS AFTER LUMBAR DISC HERNIATION SURGERY

 

Anca Jianu

Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Berceni Street, No. 24, Sect. 4, Bucharest

 

Abstract

Background.Lumbar disc herniation is a suffering with increased incidence and a tendency to continuously decrease the age at which it starts. In disc disorders where pain is accentuated during walking and resting and does not give in to medical and physical-kinetic treatment, surgical intervention is required. One of the possible complications in the operated hernia is lumbosacralgia.

In this context, we believe that specific post-operative recovery treatment can improve lower back.

Aims. The early application of a physical-kinetic program tailored to the particularities of patients with lumbosacralgia after lumbar disc herniation surgery can reduce their specific late symptomatology.

Methods. This study, based on the experimental method, was performed from September 2013 to January 2014 on a sample of 42 subjects aged 30-60 years, patients with lumbosacralgia secondary to lumbar disc herniation.

Results. The evaluation of the clinical-functional parameters specific to this pathology, registered at the beginning of the recovery treatment and 4 months after it, indicates the decrease and even the disappearance of postoperative lumbar pain, skin paresthesia and muscle contraction. There is evidence of improvement in lumbar mobility and increase the strength of paravertebral muscles.

Conclusions. The analysis and interpretation of the values obtained during 4 months of systemic and individualized application of the physical-kinetic program reflects the benefits of early postoperative physiotherapy in patients with operated lumbar disc.

Key word: lumbosacralgia, lumbar disc herniation, physiotherapy, recovery.

 

Analyzing the performance of the national team members in the sport of orienteering

 

Veronica Minoiu, George Emilian Minoiu

University of Craiova, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Romania

 

Abstract

Objective: Competitors in the sport of Orienteering must be able to race through different types of terrain in the shortest time possible. This paper aims to analyze the performance indices in all types of Orienteering events for some of the best members of the National Orienteering Team during 2017.

Methods: The analysis was done based on statistical data collected from 24 National Team members using the WinSplits software.

Results: The distribution of the performance indices differ throughout a competition and especially between different competitions and it is tightly correlated with the competitive experience in similar terrains. A higher training volume in similar terrain leads to better performance during the competition. Competitors with very good results during trial events but with reduced exposure to training in similar terrain have recorded diminished consistency but significant improvement throughout a race or during multi day events on the same type of terrain.

Conclusions: Orienteers’ performance can be improved by monitoring the indices that show which types of terrain are challenging and which are more suitable for them.

Keywords: performance indices, orienteering, consistency

 

STUDY ON IMPLEMENTING A MODERN AND DYNAMIC SELF DEFENSE AND SELF CONTROL SYSTEM FOR STUDENTS

 

Negoescu Mihai Cristian

  • State University of Physical Education and Sports of the Republic of Moldova
  • email :This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

  

Abstract: The study herein is required for substantiating the means and methods that are available to the students against the urban violence, both at physical and mental levels. The study relies on a sociological research work at the university center in Bucharest and on the reference, written and recorded. This list is quite thorough, yet full of errors, since the combat techniques and means are taken out of the context; hence its presentation is minimum. The study results highlight 18 modules of self-defense and self-control for students and 5 basic combat methods. The people who studied such modules and methods at private martial arts clubs under the supervision of the author were successful during the physical and mental aggressions that they or their families were subjected to.

Key words: students, self defense, modules, scholar curriculum.

 

RECOVERY OF THE TRAUMAS OF THE KNEE WITH THE HELP OF KINESIOTHERAPY - PHYSICAL EXERCISES

 

Olteanu Nelu, Negoescu Mihai Cristian

  • State University of Physical Education and Sport of the Republic of Moldova
  • email :This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

ABSTRACT

This paper presents the role and importance of specific kinetic treatment in the sports injuries of the locomotors system in various martial arts styles, and emphasizes the need for individual rehabilitation programs to be developed for performance athletes.

The analysis of the obtained results highlights that the obtaining of favorable results is directly proportional to the precise application of the physical recovery and physical rehabilitation programs, as well as the seriousness of those who are directly involved in the program.

Key words: sports training, martial arts, sports trauma.

 

 

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SOMATIC AND MOTOR CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BEST ATHLETES AT ONE MILE DISCIPLINE OUTDOOR ALL TIME

Ivan Paula, Gheorghe Daniel

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Spiru Haret University, Berceni road no 24, Bucharest

 

Abstract

Introduction

The research is part of the study of  sport  performance,  measurement and evaluation. It has a transverse type because the collected results were obtained by 31 December 2016. The aim of this research was to observe the dynamics of the parameters mentioned below, worthy of being taken into account in the selection of athletes.

Material and methods

This study analyzes the results, age, height and weight of the best athletes at one mile discipline outdoor all time. Data were processed on the following statistical indicators: number of cases, the maximum value, minimum value, amplitude, mode, median, average, quartile 1, 3, quartile difference, dispersion, average of absolute deviation, standard deviation, coefficient of variation and correlation. As a research method we had used the case study, observation, statistics and graphics.

Results

After data processing had resulted 2 summary tables and 4 graphs.

Discussions and conclusions

The results were analyzed based on the above parameters. This resulted in the following conclusions:

- The average performance is 3:49:36 for men and 4:19:16 for women

- The average age is 25.63 years for men and 27.15 years for women.

-  The average height is 179.01 cm for men and 167.11 cm for women.

- The average weight is 64.21 kg for men and 52.08 kg for women.

Key words: athletes, middle race, performance, statistics

 

 

MOTRICITY AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN PERSONALITY FORMATION

Popescu Florentina, Porfireanu Maria-Cristiana

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Spiru Haret

24 Berceni street, Bucharest

Academy of Economic Studies

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

  

Abstract

Introduction

Motricity suggests a global feature and includes the set of processes and mechanisms through which the human body or its parts move through phased or dynamic contractions, detach from a substrate, or maintain a certain posture through tonic or static contractions. Emotional intelligence refers to the individual's ability to recognize their own emotions, manage these feelings, become self-motivated, and translate into other people.

Goal of the paper is to underline that there is an important connection between human motor capacity and emotional inteligence.

Hypothesis of the paper try to argue that if the motricity and emotional intelligence are active, there are fulfilled some conditions thatemfasizes the growing personality.

The study’ methods used in this paper were the study of the literature and directed observation.

Discussions and conclusions

Motricity is the set of functions that ensure the maintenance of posture and the execution of movements specific to living beings; it is designed in opposition to reception and sensorial functions.

There are both psychic mechanisms and physiological mechanisms to regulate motor activity, as: related to the cognitive plan, the voluntary organization or the attitude structure, the motivational support, the mechanisms of orientation – activation.

The concept of emotional intelligence has been demonstrated by psychologists for the importance of personal development and socio-professional insertion.

Key words: motricity, personality, emotional intelligence

 

 

THE INFLUENCE OF THE SPECIFIC MEANS OF HANDBALL ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF MOTOR QUALITIES AT HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Marius Catalin Popescu, Gabriel Marian Popa

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport ,University of Craiova, Romania

 

Abstract: Given the importance of handball in physical education classes as well as performance sports, we propose that in this paper we make a theoretical and methodical contribution on explaining some aspects regarding the use of the most efficient means of action , for the development of motor  quality speed and skill with specific means of handball at  high school level. In this experiment, we chose and used the following control samples: speed running 30m flat; 30 m dribbling on the right, 30m dribbling through the goalposts ; triangle movement; throwing with the handball ball at a distance of three steps. To verify the proposed hypotheses, we have called for a constructive experiment in classes IX A and IX B. In the experiment that we conducted, we performed two tests: initial testing (September 2016) and final testing (May 2017) depending on the school schedule. After a careful analysis, we can conclude that there has been an increase, from one state to the next, in each of the samples supported by students.

Key words : skill, speed, physical education, handball

 


STUDY ABOUT GROWTH OF ATRACTIVITIES PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES BY USING MEANS OF GIMNASTIC IN GYMNASIUM

 

Popovici Adrian

Secondary Scool No.1, Tulucesti, Galati, Romania

 

ABSTRACT

In this paper we want to present the outcomes of an experiment carried out during one school year within secondary school students from the eighth grade. This experiment sought to observe whether the replacement of general physical development exercises, that are compulsory within each physical education lesson, will result in greater attractiveness for students of this age.

Research methods used in the research were: pedagogical experiment that intervened on the programming, planning and conduct of physical education classes in eighth grade; observation method was used by observing students' behavior at all times during education classes.

The experiment consists in using stretching programs, introduced in an organized manner in the first part of the lesson – for selective processing of the locomotor system and in the rest intervals between exercises that address the themes from the lessons.

The experiment proved that the hypothesis was valid.               

Key words: gymnastics, gymnasium, physical education

 

 

PRIORITARY ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF RESISTANCE TO SPECIFIC EFFECTS OF THE FOOTBALL GAME AT JUNIOR B

 

Stoica Doru, Barbu Dumitru

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport/University of Craiova, Romania

Abstract

The study was performed in order to fid the most efficient methods and means of development of general and specific resistance in football of “B” juniors, introducing in the process of instruction of technical-tactical means and a complex of exercises with physical character.

Taking into account that all kinds of efforts from the most intense to the lowest (eg all energy processes) meant to maintain muscle contraction are characterized by a certain level of resistance, we can state that in this research we have managed to develop both the ability to sustain an effort with an unmodified intensity for more time, and the ability to produce an effort of superior intensity over an identical period.

Using the action means with physical character, specific to football, provide a high efficiency to training process, which leads in increasing effort capacity of both the player and the team.

The introduction of the football-specific technical-tactical structures in sports training demonstrates the correctness of the training methodology used, this being the concrete way to increase the quality of the training.

Key words:football, general and specific resistance, performance.

 

ORGANIZING THE WOMEN'S FOOTBALL TEAM ACCORDING TO THE INTER-INDIVIDUAL PREFERENCES OF ITS MEMBERS

 

Ungureanu - Dobre Aurora

Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Craiova, Brestei Street, no. 156

 

Abstract

The study represents the research conducted within author graduation project for the specialisation of football coach.

The research involved the application of the J.L Moreno Sociometric Test (9.05.2016) on the members of the student women`s team of the University of Craiova (n=14, aged 19-24 years), regarding the sympathetic relationships (leisure time) and the axiological ones (performance). The latter reflects the inter-individual preferences in foreshadowing the base lot (10 players out of 14) and the starters (4+1 out of the remaining 10) in order to participate in the National University Futsal Women's Championship (27, 28 May 2017), initiated by me.

Also, the extended lot of 10 players (informally chosen by all the players) is the same as the one officially chosen by me, the only discussion being regarding the last place, choosing the no. 5 player (with the Preferential Status Index= -0, 31, no choice and the lowest number of rejections: 6), at the expense of no. 10 (with the Preferential Status Index= -0,54, 0 choices but 7 rejections), the final decision being in favour of the player chosen by the group.

The starting line-up (4+1), set as a result of the players` preferences, is the same as the other, with only very slight differences.

The success of the application of the sociometric test depends, on one hand, on the observation of the existing relationships, and, on the other hand, on the sociometric reorganisation of the researched collective according to the informal structure revealed by the test.

Key words: cohesion , sympathetic, axiological, collective sociogram, sociometric matrix

 

 


POSSIBILITIES TO IMPROVE PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE AND HEALTH THROUGH DIET

 

Zăvăleanu Mihaela, Dănoiu Mircea, Roşulescu Eugenia, Ilinca Ilona, Zăvăleanu Ştefan,

University of Craiova - Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Romania

 Sfântul Nectarie, Medical Clinic, Craiova, Romania

Corresponding author:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Abstract

It is well know today like it was for Hippocrates more than 2000 the fact that we can talk about health is close relation with diet and the way we eat. Also it is well know what to avoid in order to reduce the risk for diseases.

Study demonstrate that appropriate nutrition can help the athlete achieve or improve performance, improve his physical condition, recovery after competitions, can prevent injuries.

Today, many nutritional supplements containing carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals are used to support the effort in various sport disciplines where is needed an energy boost.

Certain components of ordinary foods have the ability to influence body functions in this regard and can help the athlete or sports people achieve greater performance.

But what about if there we can have the possibility to have foods that can be medicine and reduce or minimize the certain risks for diseases and other health conditions?

This article aims to describe some functional foods and their relevant physiological effects during the effort and physical exercises.

Key words:physical performance, functional foods, health

 


DETERMINING THE AWARENESS OF CHILDREN ABOUT THEIR POSTURAL DEFICIENCIES. A PILOT STUDY

Eva Ilie, Ligia Rusu, Dorina Ortanescu

University of Craiova

Corresponding author: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Abstract

Background: Due to the fact that children are rarely questioned or made aware of the importance of posture throughout growth it sounds logical to create a questionnaire to determine their awareness of their own posture and allow to form a baseline for a more suitable treatment.

Methods: A total of 20 patients diagnosed with postural deficiency with age 6-12 years and their parents were included in the study. Each child and parent answered 5 question sets about postural awareness.  

Results: The study showed that the awareness of the posture deficiency is generally poor among children. Parents were found very much aware in terms of the presence of the deficiency.

Conclusions: Determining the awareness of the children with postural deficiencies seems beneficial to build a personalized physical therapy program.

Keywords: postural deficiency, postural awareness, children.

 


 

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

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